How endocrine disruptors impact women

How Endocrine Disruptors Impact Women


We met Dr. Eva Martin and quickly related to her passion for health, education, and safety. She’s the founder of Elm Tree Medical, Inc., which focuses on women’s health, and she had a lot to tell us about the impact endocrine disruptors have on women and babies. We reached out to Eva with a few questions to get her professional opinion about these chemicals and how to avoid them in daily life.

What is an endocrine disruptor?

Simply, an endocrine disruptor is a chemical that interferes with a hormone's action. One example is the EDC diethystilbestrol (DES). DES was prescribed to women to control nausea during pregnancy, but, unfortunately, the world later learned that DES interferes with key hormone actions in gestation, and led to serious birth defects.

Should we be concerned about endocrine disruptors?

Yes. Research on endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is still in the early stages. From what we know so far, EDCs can have long-lasting effects on our bodies and, likely, our children's, through altering the way our DNA is expressed. For instance, big studies looking a large populations of people have shown a relationship between exposure to certain EDCs and increased weight and higher risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Research in mice has linked exposure to certain EDCs during pregnancy to changes in DNA expression in offspring, favoring the development of fat cells at the expense of bone cells.

What endocrine disruptors are used in household products, especially baby/kids products?

Check product labels for:

- Phthalates or bis-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP)

- Bisphenol A (BPA)- used in many plastics and containers

- Parabens- used as a preservative

- Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)- found in fire retardants. PBDEs can affect thyroid hormone functioning and has been detected in breastmilk.

There are many more EDCs, & many are still undiscovered. The World Health Organization has more information.

How can we reduce exposure to endocrine disruptors?

- Wash produce

- Buy organic food

- Avoid parabens and phthalates, often found in lotions, sunscreens, & synthetic fragrances

Avoid added sugars, especially high fructose corn syrup

- Limit food additives like artificial sweeteners, phytoestrogens, and preservatives

- Avoid vinyl pillow and mattress protectors

We appreciate Eva’s thoughts on this important topic. There are so many chemicals in the world today, it can be hard to keep track of what we’re supposed to be avoiding and for what reasons. Remember that you can always check the list of 32 mattress chemicals for the ingredients and materials we never use in our products.


Eva Martin, MD is the founder and CEO of Elm Tree Medical Inc., a medical device company focused on women’s health. Eva has an extensive background in women’s health and clinical research. She graduated cum laude from Harvard College, conducted breast cancer research at the University of California, San Francisco, and earned her MD from Harvard Medical School. Following medical school, Eva completed her internship training in OBGYN at Kaiser Permanente San Francisco, where she delivered hundreds of beautiful babies. In June 2015, she founded Elm Tree Medical Inc. and currently works full time as Elm Tree Medical’s CEO. Elm Tree Medical is currently developing a tool (DilaCheck™) to increase accuracy in cervical dilation measurements.

For more pregnancy news and research, please visit her blog, follow her on TwitterPinterest, or Instagram, or connect with her on LinkedIn or Facebook.